Install Memcache onto cPanel running CentOS

Posted by Mr PHP on

Every time I install Memcache on cPanel I get a little bit stuck, so I wrote this quick guide in the hopes of helping myself next time and also helping other people who want the advantages of super fast caching.

Make the Sources Folder

First of all lets make a folder to put all our sources in

mkdir ~/memcache

Compile and Install LibEvent

Memcache requires LibEvent. Go to their site and get the latest version.

cd ~/memcache
wget http://www.monkey.org/~provos/libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
tar xvfz libevent-1.4.9-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-1.4.9-stable
./configure; make; make install

Compile and Install Memcache

Now you can install Memcache. Again you should check their site for the latest version.

cd ~/memcache
wget http://www.danga.com/memcached/dist/memcached-1.2.6.tar.gz
tar xvfz memcached-1.2.6.tar.gz
cd memcached-1.2.6
./configure --with-lib-event=/usr/local/; make; make install

Starting Memcache

Try starting memcache.

memcached

If you get the following error then you may beed to register libevent: error while loading shared libraries: libevent-1.4.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory then Register LibEvent

vi /etc/ld.so.conf.d/libevent-i386.conf
--[paste]--
/usr/local/lib/
--[/paste]--
ldconfig

Installing PHP Memcache

Install the PHP Memcache extension. Check their site for the latest version.

cd ~/memcache
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-3.0.3.tgz
tar xvfz memcache-3.0.3.tgz
cd memcache-3.0.3
phpize
./configure
make
make install
vi /usr/local/lib/php.ini
--[paste]--
extension=memcache.so
--[/paste]--
service httpd restart

Daemon scripts for memcached

Information taken from hxxp://www.vbseo.com/blogs/danny-bembibre/daemon-scripts-memcached-44/.

Create the configuration file

touch /etc/memcached.conf

And put in:

# Memory
-m 5120
# default port
-p 11211
# user to run daemon nobody/apache/www-data
-u nobody
# only listen locally
-l 127.0.0.1

Create the startups files

touch /etc/init.d/memcached
chmod +x /etc/init.d/memcached

Edit with your favorite editor and paste this code

#!/bin/bash
#
# memcached    This shell script takes care of starting and stopping
#              standalone memcached.
#
# chkconfig: - 80 12
# description: memcached is a high-performance, distributed memory
#              object caching system, generic in nature, but
#              intended for use in speeding up dynamic web
#              applications by alleviating database load.
# processname: memcached
# config: /etc/memcached.conf
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/memcached
DAEMONBOOTSTRAP=/usr/local/bin/start-memcached
DAEMONCONF=/etc/memcached.conf
NAME=memcached
DESC=memcached
PIDFILE=/var/run/$NAME.pid
[ -x $DAEMON ] || exit 0
[ -x $DAEMONBOOTSTRAP ] || exit 0
RETVAL=0
start() {
 echo -n $"Starting $DESC: "
 daemon $DAEMONBOOTSTRAP $DAEMONCONF
 RETVAL=$?
 [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch $PIDFILE
 echo
 return $RETVAL
}
stop() {
 echo -n $"Shutting down $DESC: "
 killproc $NAME
 RETVAL=$?
 echo
 [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f $PIDFILE
 return $RETVAL
}
# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
 start)
  start
  ;;
 stop)
  stop
  ;;
 restart|reload)
  stop
  start
  RETVAL=$?
  ;;
 status)
  status $prog
  RETVAL=$?
  ;;
 *)
  echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|status}"
  exit 1
esac
exit $RETVAL
touch /usr/local/bin/start-memcached
chmod +x  /usr/local/bin/start-memcached

Edit with your favorite editor and paste this code

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# start-memcached
# 2003/2004 - Jay Bonci <[email protected]>
# This script handles the parsing of the /etc/memcached.conf file
# and was originally created for the Debian distribution.
# Anyone may use this little script under the same terms as
# memcached itself.
use strict;
if ($> != 0 and $< != 0) {
 print STDERR "Only root wants to run start-memcached.\n";
 exit;
}
my $etcfile = shift || "/etc/memcached.conf";
my $params = [];
my $etchandle; 
# This script assumes that memcached is located at /usr/bin/memcached, and
# that the pidfile is writable at /var/run/memcached.pid
my $memcached = "/usr/local/bin/memcached";
my $pidfile = "/var/run/memcached.pid";
# If we don't get a valid logfile parameter in the /etc/memcached.conf file,
# we'll just throw away all of our in-daemon output. We need to re-tie it so
# that non-bash shells will not hang on logout. Thanks to Michael Renner for 
# the tip
my $fd_reopened = "/dev/null";
sub handle_logfile {
 my ($logfile) = @_;
 $fd_reopened = $logfile;
}
sub reopen_logfile {
 my ($logfile) = @_;
 open *STDERR, ">>$logfile";
 open *STDOUT, ">>$logfile";
 open *STDIN, ">>/dev/null";
 $fd_reopened = $logfile;
}
# This is set up in place here to support other non -[a-z] directives
my $conf_directives = {
 "logfile" => \&handle_logfile
};
if (open $etchandle, $etcfile) {
 foreach my $line (<$etchandle>) {
  $line =~ s/\#.*//go;
  $line = join ' ', split ' ', $line;
  next unless $line;
  next if $line =~ /^\-[dh]/o;
  if ($line =~ /^[^\-]/o) {
   my ($directive, $arg) = $line =~ /^(.*?)\s+(.*)/; 
   $conf_directives->{$directive}->($arg);
   next;
  }
  push @$params, $line;
 }
}
unshift @$params, "-u root" unless (grep $_ eq '-u', @$params);
$params = join " ", @$params;
if (-e $pidfile) {
 open PIDHANDLE, "$pidfile";
 my $localpid = <PIDHANDLE>;
 close PIDHANDLE;
 chomp $localpid;
 if (-d "/proc/$localpid") {
  print STDERR "memcached is already running.\n"; 
  exit;
 } else {
  `rm -f $localpid`;
 }
}
my $pid = fork();
if ($pid == 0) {
 reopen_logfile($fd_reopened);
 exec "$memcached $params";
 exit(0);
} elsif (open PIDHANDLE,">$pidfile") {
 print PIDHANDLE $pid;
 close PIDHANDLE;
} else {
 print STDERR "Can't write pidfile to $pidfile.\n";
}

Test the scripts

[[email protected] init.d]# /etc/init.d/memcached restart
Shutting down memcached:                                   [  OK  ]
Starting memcached:                                        [  OK  ]

Review if the conf file is well parsed

[[email protected] init.d]# ps aux  | grep memcached
nobody    5966  0.5  0.3 18248 16444 pts/0   S    13:55   0:00 /usr/local/bin/memcached -u root -m 16 -p 11211 -u nobody -l 127.0.0.1

Add memcached as autostart daemon

[[email protected] init.d]# /sbin/chkconfig memcached on
[[email protected] init.d]# /sbin/chkconfig --list | grep memcached
memcached       0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

Tagged with : cPanel


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